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沃尔玛将部署机器人,员工恐被取代

作者:施索恩工作室 时间:2019-04-15 12:20 
孤叶工作室

 Robots Are Coming to Walmart And Making Employees Scared for Their Jobs

沃尔玛将部署机器人,员工担心被取代

 

沃尔玛 机器人

Greeters may be a thing of the past at Walmart — but there will be a lot more metallic help around the stores this year.

在沃尔玛,迎宾员或将成为过去式,今年沃尔玛门店将部署大量机器人。

Soon, 1,500 autonomous floor cleaners, 1,200 truck unloaders, 900 in-store pick-up towers, and 300 shelf scanners will be deployed across hundreds Walmart stores around the country as the company aims to cut labor costs and repurpose some associate-level positions to focus more on sales and customer service.

不久,沃尔玛将在全国数百家门店部署1500台扫地机器人、1200台自动快速传送带、900台自动取货机和300台货架扫描机器人。该公司的目标是削减劳动力成本,并重新定位一些辅助级别的职位,将更多精力放在销售和客户服务上。

But the implementation of these autonomous bots could lead to fewer hours for current employees — a problem the company hopes to skirt with employee attrition or reassignments. Workers are worried the bots will lead to shortened hours, fewer jobs, and further staffing shortages, according to employees and Organization United for Respect (OUR) at Walmart, a labor group that advocates for these retail employees.

这些机器人可能会减少现有员工的工作时间——该公司希望通过裁员或重新分配来规避这个问题。员工们担心机器人会缩短工作时间,减少工作岗位。

“This is one of a series of many decisions that [Walmart has] been making over the years to reduce the amount of humans and amount of staff that are working in the store,” says Andrea Dehlendorf, co-director of OUR Walmart. “And [it’s] dramatically increased the workload of people who are still working.”

沃尔玛的联席董事Andrea Dehlendorf表示:“这是(沃尔玛)多年来做出的一系列决定之一,旨在减少店内员工数量。这也大幅增加了仍在岗员工的工作量。”

Walmart is the largest private employer in the country, with around 4,600 stores and 2.2 million associates. The massive retailer has a history of heavily criticized labor practices, including low wages, union-busting, limiting sick day policies, and an increasing number of part-time employees. Now, workers believe this investment in automation may exacerbate these issues for lower paid employees.

沃尔玛是美国最大的私营雇主,拥有约4600家门店和220万名员工。这家大型零售商的劳工问题历来受到严厉批评,包括低工资、破坏工会、限制病假政策,以及兼职员工数量不断增加等等。现在,员工们认为,对机器人的投资可能会加剧这些问题。

“It’s the nature of the beast from what we’ve been experiencing for the last two decades,” says Arthur Wheaton, director of Western NY Labor and Environmental Programs at the Worker Institute at Cornell University. “The lowest paid, lowest skilled, and the most at-risk employees in the most precarious jobs are the ones replaced first by technology — not necessarily the CEOs or the people doing the programming.”

康奈尔大学工人研究所纽约西部劳工与环境项目主任阿瑟•惠顿表示:“从我们过去20年的经历来看,薪水最低、技能最低的员工风险最大,将首先被取代——而不是CEO或编程人员。”

The role of automation, however, is tricky. Walmart advertises the robots as tools to take care of menial tasks, like mopping the floors and scanning shelves to take track of inventory on the sales floor. Workers can instead invest their time in serving customers and making sales — a critical aspect of the in-store, brick-and-mortar experience.

沃尔玛宣传称,这些机器人将用来处理一些琐碎的工作,比如拖地和扫描货架,跟踪库存。而员工可以把时间投入到为客户服务和销售上——这是店内体验的一个关键方面。

Walmart’s minimum wage is currently $11 — an amount that has been contended with competitors like Amazon and Target, who have raised theirs to $15 and $13 an hour, respectively, in recent months. The use of automated technology could now be effective in bettering retention rates — but keeping wages low.

目前沃尔玛的最低工资为11美元/小时,一直在与亚马逊和塔吉特等竞争对手比最低工资。最近几个月,亚马逊和塔吉特分别将最低工资提高到每小时15美元和13美元

美国雅虎读者评论:

译文来源:三泰虎

外文:https://finance.yahoo.com/news/robots-coming-walmart-making-employees-154527191.html

Texas15 hours ago

"Walmart advertises the robots as tools to take care of menial tasks, like mopping the floors and scanning shelves to take track of inventory on the sales floor. Workers can instead invest their time in serving customers"

Sure - that's why over half of the checkout lanes are not staffed while people are funneled to self-checkout. I refuse to use self-checkout if a person is available. I'm not going to help them cut staff.

沃尔玛称,这些机器人将处理一些琐碎工作,比如拖地和扫描货架,跟踪库存。而员工可以把时间投入到为客户服务上。”

所以才会导致超过一半的结账通道没有工作人员,人们被引导到自助结账处。如果有人在,我拒绝使用自助结账。我不支持他们裁员。

 

SPAMLANDFILL2 days ago

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